Tyrol Silver:  Nickel silver.   Has no silver content.
Toilet Ware:  The term applied to combs, brushes, mirrors, manicure sets, and other dresser and vanity
Toast Rack:  A serving utensil with vertical partitions for holding and serving toast and
preventing it from getting soggy.  Toast racks first appeared around 1770.
Tine:  The prong of a fork.  There are four tines on the fork shown at right.
Tibetan Silver:  An alloy of silver, brass, copper and nickel.  Contains anywhere from 20% to 65% fine silver.
Trencher Salt:  A small, footless dish with solid sides that rests flat on the table for holding table salt,
most popular from 1640 to 1750.
Trefoil:  A three-leafed shape.
Trefid Spoon:  A style of spoon handle that emerged about 1660 and lasted until about 1700 where
the end of the handle is divided into three sections.  It is considered to be the first true "pattern".
Trademark:  The mark of a particular company’s trade name or symbol.  The photo at right is the
trademark for Towle Silversmiths.
Touchmark:  The name, initials or symbol of a maker stamped onto an object.
Troy Weight:  The system of weights and measures specifically for use with precious metals and stones.  
20 pennyweights = 1 troy ounce.  12 troy ounces = 1 pound troy.  The word comes from the city of Troyes, France,
and dates back to the early 15th century.  Today, the troy weight system is used primarily by goldsmiths,
silversmiths, and jewelers.
Tripoli:  A form of hand polishing used to remove the marks left from sand polishing.
Tureen:  A circular or oval deep serving bowl with two handles and usually accompanied
by a lid.  The the name originates from the Vicomte de Turenne, marshal-general
Henry de la Tour d’Auvergne, who is said to have once used his helmet to serve soup
to his dinner guests.
Trembleuse:  A type of cup and saucer with a central raised ring in the saucer to hold the cup.  Popular in the 18th
Tumbler:  A drinking cup with a flat base and without a stem, foot, or handle.  Similar to a beaker, but without a
flared mouth.  The name is derived from vessels which were designed in the 17th century with slightly curved bases
that were designed to "tumble" back into place if set down incorrectly.
Trivet:  Originally a kitchen tool, the trivet was a three legged stand on which pots were placed
when being removed from the fire.  They are still used for hot pots and pans, but today they are
flat and used on the tabletop or sideboard to protect its surface.
Toddy Lifter:  Popular in the late 18th to mid-19th centuries, the toddy lifter is used to serve a set measure of
toddy (punch).  The lifter has a bulbous lower end and a narrow neck.  The lifter is placed in a bowl of toddy and
is allowed to fill up through a hole in the bottom of the lifter.  A hole in the top is then covered with the thumb,
and the lifter is then transferred to a glass.  When the thumb is removed, the contents of the lifter flow into the
Tongue Scraper:  A U-shaped device for scraping debris off of the tongue and maintaining good
oral hygiene.
Toothpaste Key:  A device used for dispensing toothpaste from a metal tube.  The key
has a notched side for sliding onto the end of the tube.
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